In 2016, 19% of crimes reported against women in India ended in convictions, according to the provisional National Crime Records Bureau data released in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament). This was a decline from a conviction rate of 21.7% in 2015, data show.
The conviction rate is the ratio of the number of convicted cases in the year to the total number of cases tried by court that year. Cases tried in a year might include those reported to the police in the previous year.
The highest conviction rate was in Mizoram where 90.7% of cases resulted in convictions, followed by Meghalaya (68.2%), Puducherry (62.5%) and Uttar Pradesh (54%).
The lowest conviction rate was in Daman and Diu where there were no convictions, followed by West Bengal (3.3%), and Gujarat (3.4%).
Source: National Crime Records Bureau
Note: Conviction rate is the ratio of the number of convicted cases in the year to the total number of cases tried by court that year. Cases tried might include those reported to the police in the previous year.
(Shah is a reporter/writer with IndiaSpend.)
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