A million Indians died of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 2017. It is a larger health risk than heart diseases. One of the major concerns about COPD is that it is incurable. The disease has a higher prevalence in Kashmir in India.

COPD inflames the lungs and obstructs the airflow from the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing or a chronic cough. In the west, smoking is the leading cost of COPD. But in India, it is mainly caused by long term exposure to burning wood or cow dung for fuel.

The rising levels of air pollution in India also contribute to COPD. People with COPD are also at a greater risk of heart disease and lung cancer.