More girls have been adopted in India than boys over the last four years, according to this reply to the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament) on December 22, 2017.
As many as 60% of 12,273 children adopted over four years to 2017-18 were girls, the data show.
Adoptions nationwide declined 20% from 3,988 in 2014-15 to 3,120 in 2016-17, probably because of tightened adoption procedures.
While India has 50,000 adoptable orphans, only 1,600 were up for adoption, IndiaSpend reported on March 5, 2016.
The reasons attributed were that half of these children either have a medical problem or are more than two years old–undesirable traits for prospective Indian parents.
This is not the view of many foreigners, a factor the women and child development ministry acknowledged by ensuring older and handicapped children move to inter-country adoption centres after a minimum time of 15 days for a special needs child and 30 days for a child over five years.
Indian children most adopted in US, Italy
As many as 2,134 Indian children were adopted by parents from five countries across the world over the last four years. Of these, 69% (1,481) were girls.
Americans adopted 36% (776) of all Indian children, more than any other country–of which 73% (566) were girls–followed by Italy 22% (463) and Spain 12% (247).
More girls from India are adopted by foreign parents than boys, the data show.
Maharashtra, with 549 adoptions, was the leading choice for inter-country adoption followed by Delhi (205).
In terms of in-country adoption, Maharashtra reported the most (23%, 2,771) adoptions over four years, of which 1,543 were girls and 1,228 were boys. Maharashtra was followed by Karnataka (9%, 1,140) and West Bengal (6%, 786).
(Mallapur is an analyst with IndiaSpend.)
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