Students work at a blackboard set up at ground level in a class at the UNICEF-assisted government primary school in Periyakuppam Village in Cuddalore District in Tamil Nadu State. The school is applying an activity-based learning model for grades 1 through 4, whereby children learn at their own pace in a child-friendly environment. Almost all of the students in the class are from poor fishing families that were affected by the tsunami. The learning model is being implemented in the states 40,000 primary schools. [#2 IN SEQUENCE OF FIVE]

By November/December 2008 in India, post-tsunami recovery and reconstruction efforts had shifted to long-term development, almost four years after the 26 December 2004 earthquake off the western coast of Indonesia and subsequent tsunamis devastated coastal areas in more than eight countries. More than 12,000 Indians were killed and an estimated 600,000 were displaced in the disaster. The southern state of Tamil Nadu was among the worst-affected areas: Over 8,000 people died; and some 480 children lost both parents to the tsunami. Working with government authorities, local communities, UN, NGO and other partners, UNICEF has supported efforts to increase access to health care and education, and to restore and improve community-based health services, water supply systems and schools to build back better. UNICEF is also supporting psychosocial recovery programmes.