Mother’s Education, Household Wealth Decide Survival Of Infants In India

Mortality rates of children in poorer households were higher, as were the rates where mothers had fewer years of schooling, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of the latest national health data. Indi... Source: National Family Health Survey, 2015-16 (Page 184); (In deaths per 1,000 live births)... How education helps child health Children whose mothers had fewer years of schooling were less likely to survive early childhood, the latest data show. While the U5MR for children whose mothers had no... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1516008987067'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ... A child born to a mother who can read is 50% more likely to survive past five years of age; each year of mother’s schooling decreases the probability of infant mortality by 5-10%, according to the U... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1516009067151'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ... For instance, the U5MR in the lowest 20% on the wealth index was 71.7 deaths per 1,000 live births–more than three times the rate for the highest 20% (22.6). Similar trends are seen in IMR and n...

India Is Unprepared For Its Gathering Teen Sexual Revolution

New Delhi: One in four Indian women (26.8%) is married before 18, and 7.8% of women aged 15 to 19 are pregnant or mothers, according to the latest available 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS...

With 4th-Highest Shortfall of Specialists, Gujarat Commissions ‘Child Doctors’

New Delhi: With India’s fourth-highest shortfall of specialists nationwide, Gujarat has announced a controversial decision to commission ‘bal doctors’ or child doctors–equipped with apron,... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1514908084102'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ...   India requires 22,496 specialists, but has no more than 4,156, or is short by 18,347 specialists or 81.5%.   Other than specialists, India is short of doctors in general. India’s doctor-...

Six Factors That Could Reduce Malnutrition In Madhya Pradesh

Women’s empowerment, better sanitation, and improvement in maternal health could improve the nutritional status of children in Madhya Pradesh (MP), the state with 42% of its children under five year... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1513348354265'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ...   Better maternal care could improve child nutrition   To improve child health in the state, MP should pay more attention to breastfeeding and antenatal care, both of which are linked to be... In Districts Where More Mothers Consume IFA TabletsDuring Pregnancy, Fewer Children Are Stunted Source: National Family Health Survey 2015-16...   If women were more educated, children would be healthier   We analysed some indirect factors, such as years of schooling, age at marriage, and access to sanitation, which do not directly ... In Districts Where More Women Marry Later,Fewer Children Are Stunted Source: National Family Health Survey 2015-16...   Lack of sanitation could also lead to stunting in children, and anaemia, according to articles from IndiaSpend, published in April 2017, and September 2016.   For instance, Indore with one...

What Surat Can Teach Other Indian Cities About Public Health

Chaya Jadhav (centre) from Dhule, Maharashtra, at the Pandesara Urban Centre in Surat. Jadhav came back to the centre for the delivery of her second child because she was satisfied by the hospital’s... The outpatient department at the Pandesara Urban Health Centre, Surat....   “Surat is called as mini-India,” said Hiren Patel, a counsellor at the centre’s Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) centre, who showed IndiaSpend th... “Surat is called as mini-India,” said Hiren Patel, a counsellor at the Pandesara Urban Health Centre’s STD and HIV centre, referring to the migrants who come to the city for work opportuniti...   Chaya Jadhav from Dhule, Maharashtra, sat in the OPD with her mother, a Surat resident. “I had delivered in this centre [during my last pregnancy],” she said. She came back for her second p... "Today is the day we do the documentation of our field work,” said Pooja Patel, 23, an auxiliary nurse/midwife. She said they use the state government’s MAMTA app on their phones to register p...   Each ANM looks after 200 pregnant women a year, she said. Because many of the women are migrants who go back to their hometown during their pregnancy, it can be difficult to keep track. “They... Source: Annual Report 2016, Vector Borne Disease Control Department, Surat Municipal Corporation...   Patel is one of 600 primary health workers in the Vector Borne Disease department, who work under the assistant insecticide officer, and monitor mosquito breeding sites, record fever cases and ... Mamta Patel is one of 600 primary health workers in the Vector Borne Disease department of the Surat Municipal Corporation who work under the assistant insecticide officer, and monitor mosquito br...   Preparing to tackle the effects of climate change   “Be it plague, HIV, malaria or filariasis, Surat has always been in the centre of the storm,” said Vikas Desai, technical director ... “Be it plague, HIV, malaria and filariasis, Surat has always been in the centre of the storm,” said Vikas Desai, technical director of the Urban Health and Climate Resilience Centre (UHCRC), a...   Through the UHCRC, Surat is now preparing for problems that climate change could cause.   The main task of the centre, set up in 2013 by the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network,...

In A Poor Gujarat District, Infrastructure Cannot Compensate For Lack Of Jobs

The neonatal intensive unit in Ahwa Civil Hospital has ten warmers and five attending nurses. Even though Dang district’s health infrastructure is better than in several other states, little emphasi... Source: National Family Health Survey, 2015-16 data Gujarat, Dang...   table,th,td{ font-size: 12px; font-family: arial; border-collapse: collapse; border: 1px solid black; } table{ width:580px; } th,td{ text-align:cente...   Forced migration because of a lack of jobs   Gujarat’s per capita income is Rs 122,502, 39% higher than the Indian average of Rs 82,269, but 75% of Dang’s residents live below the pov... .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: abso...   In Subir and Waghai blocks of Dang, 48% to 60% of the households migrate seasonally, after the monsoon, the study found. A lack of local employment opportunities in Dang combined with insuffici... Like most other sub-centres in the district, the sub-centre at Dhawlidod was clean, well maintained, adequately staffed and well-stocked with drugs....   Like most other sub-centres in the district, this sub-centre was clean, well maintained and adequately staffed. It was well-stocked with drugs and there were 76 pregnant women registered with t... “The health facilities at Ahwa have come a long way,” said Usha Valand, the auxiliary nurse and midwife who has been working at the Ahwa Civil Hospital since 1998.   So confident is...   Not all health centres are as good. At Garkhadi primary health centre (PHC), there was no telephone connection or mobile phone network, which means the parked ambulance is put to little use. By... Fifty-year-old Gaman Gavit, a farmer from Girmal village, spent Rs 6,000 to get one of his grandchildren in the school at Pipaldahad, a nearby village. Girmal only has a government primary school....   “The teachers (in local schools) aren’t locals. They stay in towns like Dharampur and Wajda and travel two hours to reach the village. By the time they reach here, they are exhausted so the... For all their lives, Ramabhai Gadhar, 60, and his wife, have been trekking 14 km uphill to reach their daughter’s house in Girmal from Dhulda village. Dhulda has no road to nearby villages. “W...   The district looked apolitical; there were no political banners, posters or even flags in the villages. Most villagers said they weren’t affiliated to one party but added that they hadn’t s...

2 Years To Swachh Bharat Mission Deadline, 62% Districts Still Report Open Defecation

With less than two years remaining until the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) deadline, 62.5%, or 400 of India’s 640 districts are yet to be declared open-defecation free (ODF), according to the  latest... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1512142550152'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ...   Funds are allocated under SBM as per states’ demands. Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh had received the most funds–Rs 2,477 crore, Rs 2,287 crore, Rs 2,287 crore... var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1512142609299'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; ...   “Since Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is a demand-driven scheme, state-wise allocations are not made,” the ministry of drinking water and sanitation said in a Lok Sabha (lower house of Parl...

Support Groups Welcome New Rare Disease Policy, Seek Incentives For Orphan Drugs

Shashank Tyagi, a 27-year-old Delhi-based businessman, was diagnosed with Gaucher’s disease when he was five. “I still remember I used to vomit after every small meal as food wasn’t able to ... Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information   India has no standard definition for rare diseases as there is no comprehensive epidemiological data available, but 2000 estimate... Source: Organization for Rare Diseases India   ... Despite this large number, there has been very little effort to address the healthcare and other needs of people with rare diseases. Support groups founded by families–since rare diseases are of... Private, non-profit efforts  DART, a Bengaluru-based NGO dedicated to the support of patients with muscular dystrophy, is developing a customized genetic treatment for 29 patients who suffer from... IndiaSpend Solutions  For patients: The government should include free diagnostics, awareness and outreach programmes, as well as subsidised schooling in a rare diseases policy: R.S. Anand, foun...

New Toilets In Indian Trains No Better Than Septic Tanks: IIT Study

A new kind of toilet using bacteria to break down human excreta has been deployed in Indian trains over four years to 2017, at a cost of Rs 1,305 crore, but this toilet is no better than a septic tank... A bio-toilet tank fitted beneath a north-western railways coach. ...   The bio-digester project in the Indian Railways began during the previous United Progressive Alliance (UPA) regime. But the project has been speeded up under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Sw... The bacterium, Singh admitted, has not obtained an independent or a third-party certification from an organisation such as the UIC (Federation of European Railways); The DRDO does not have a pate...   Three experts had flagged problems with bio-toilets   This is not the first time the railways’ bio toilet project has been criticised. A 2009 study jointly conducted by the Lucknow-based... Bio-digester toilets were giving off an overpowering stench on account of the improper functioning of mechanical peripherals fitted in them; Toilets were getting jammed often, not only because pa...   An internal review of bio digesters conducted for September 2017 on five divisions of the Northern Railway Zone indicated 10% failures on account of internal choking in the Delhi division of No... IndiaSpend Solutions “IIT Kanpur developed 'zero-discharge toilets' which have a separator to segregate the solid matter of human excreta from the liquid portion. The liquid portion, ... (Jha is a New Delhi-based freelance journalist.)   ________________________   The railways ministry has responded to our story ‘New Toilets In Indian Trains No Better Than Septic Tanks: II... ... ________________________   Railways ministry: “It is not correct to say that bio-toilets in coaches are ineffective or ill-maintained. The waste water discharged from the bio-toilets is tested ... ________________________ ...   Railways ministry: “Mounting and security apparatus of toilet tanks faulty, leading to regular breakage of rubber connector and safety wires: Factually incorrect”   Srinand Jha: The po...

56% Abortions Unsafe Despite Being Legal; Proposed Amendments On Hold

Niketa Mehta was in the 24th week of her pregnancy when a test revealed substantial abnormalities in the foetus’ heart that posed a risk to its survival. Mehta decided to abort, but found herself re...   IndiaSpend Solutions The spirit of both PC&PNDT and MTP should be maintained but without intimidating doctors. At the moment, the punishment meted out to gynaecologists who...   (Agrawal is a Rajasthan-based independent journalist covering gender issues in India.)   We welcome feedback. Please write to respond@indiaspend.org. We reserve the right to edit response...