Data released by the Bureau of Police Research and Development shows that a total of 3,045 firearms have been stolen from police stations across the country from 2003 to 2011 (the report doesn’t specify whether these are solely police-owned guns or also includes guns confiscated by the police).
Figure 1 shows the number of firearms stolen over the years. During 2011, about 109 were stolen from police stations. While the figure is below the previous year’s figure of 665, the thefts, for their sheer audaciousness, are worrying.
As you can see from Figure 1, there is a huge spike in the theft of firearms in 2004. This is because police stations in Orissa and Jharkhand were ransacked the most during that year with about 526 firearms being stolen from stations in Orissa and 231 from stations in Jharkhand.
The following year, however, the Orissa police managed to clamp down on thefts resulting in only 8 firearms being stolen that year. Jharkhand, however, saw an increase in thefts with 237 firearms being stolen. Turns out that over the next 4 years, the Central Government did not receive any data from Jharkhand on theft of firearms.
The next spike in thefts came along in the year 2010 with 665 firearms being stolen. The spike was led by Jharkhand where 480 firearms were lifted from police stations that year. It was also the first time Jharkhand reported any figures to the Government since 2005.
All the states with the exception of Bihar handed their data on police to the centre; research shows that Bihar has given data on firearms to the centre only once since 2003.
Now, let’s take a look at the states which had firearms stolen during 2011:
Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Jharkhand and Assam together accounted for 88 (or 80.7%) of the total 109 firearms stolen from the police.
Jharkhand, however, saw a massive 97% drop in theft of firearms from the previous year (480). West Bengal saw an 88% decline in theft from the previous year where 48 firearms were stolen. Chhattisgarh saw a drop of almost 70% in theft of firearms over the previous year (112). Jammu and Kashmir was the only state that reported a major increase of 250% over the previous year when only 2 firearms were stolen.
Reports suggest that arms looting happens more in extremist-affected areas. The aim of extremists/terrorists attacking the police force is not only to loot arms for their own use but to also demoralise the force.
Let’s see how far this is true. Chattisgarh, which accounts for about 31% of the arms stolen during 2011, has 14 districts affected by extremists. Punjab, which had the second highest amount of arms stolen has zero districts affected by extremism. Jharkhand, which accounted for 13% of the arms stolen, has 18 districts affected by extremism.
Assam has 28 districts affected by extremists/ terrorists, which is the highest number of districts affected by extremism… but it accounted for only 10% of the total firearms stolen. Jammu & Kashmir has 25 districts affected by terrorists, which is the second highest number of districts affected by terrorism but accounted for about only 6% of the total arms stolen.
West Bengal has 5 districts affected by extremism and it accounted for 5.5% of the total arms stolen. Madhya Pradesh has 9 districts affected by extremism while Rajasthan doesn’t face extremism yet both states reported theft of firearms.
The Central and State Governments have started taking steps to curb the looting of firearms with better security arrangements for field police units and better training of police personnel to handle such situations effectively.
The data seems to suggest the effort is paying off. However, it must be noted that that there have been two huge spikes since 2003, and also states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir haven’t always reported their data to the Centre during this period.
Of course one does wonder who the cops call when stuff gets stolen from police stations under their watch.